Blazor Grid - Dynamic Template

Grid - Dynamic Template

The guide below details how to implement a Dynamic Template for Grid in Blazor.

To implement a Dynamic Template, we need to be able to directly set event listeners, set onclick actions and perform other DOM operations on non-Blazor elements.

For this reason, we will be using JS interop - a Blazor tool, which can invoke JavaScript (JS) functions from .NET methods and .NET methods from JS functions.

  1. First, create a basic Grid with multiple Events:
    @page "/"
    <Grid DataSource="@products">
            <Column DataField="Name" Label="Product Name"></Column>
            <Column DataField="Quantity" Label="Quantity"></Column>
    @code {
        class Product
            public string Name { get; set; }
            public int Quantity { get; set; }
            public Product(string name, int quantity)
                Name = name;
                Quantity = quantity;
        Product[] products = new Product[]
            new Product("Ketchup", 200),
            new Product("BBQ Sauce", 450),
            new Product("Vegatbles", 100),
            new Product("Fruits", 100),
            new Product("Chocolate bars", 250),
            new Product("Snacks", 125),
            new Product("Popcorn", 80),
            new Product("Beaf", 60),
            new Product("Rice", 90)
    Basic Grid
  2. Next, we will create the HTML of the Dynamic Template and set its id to the template property of the Grid Column:
    <Grid DataSource="@products">
            <Column DataField="Name" Label="Product Name"></Column>
            <Column DataField="Quantity" Label="Quantity" Template="priceTemplate"></Column>
    <template id="price-template">
        <div style="text-align: right">
            <smart-button class="plus-button">+</smart-button>
            <smart-button class="minus-button">-</smart-button>
        string priceTemplate = "#price-template";
  3. Finally, we need to add the CSS for the Dynamic Template:
    smart-grid-cell smart-button {
        margin-left: 3px;
        width: 20px;
        height: 20px;
        color: #fff;
        border-radius: 3px;
        border: none;
        margin-top: -1px;
        font-family: 'FontAwesome' !important;	
    smart-grid-cell smart-button .smart-button {
        padding-left: 0px;
        padding-right: 0px;
        padding: 0px;
        justify-content: center;
        align-items: center;
        display: flex;
            --smart-background: #18BFFF;
            --smart-background: #20C933;

    We can see that the template was integrated successfully, however the +/- buttons have no effect on the Grid.
    Static Template

  4. To make the template dynamic, we must use JSInterop. First inject the IJSRuntime abstraction.
    Then in the OnReady() callback, call the "setDynamicTemplate" JS function, which we will later create.
    @inject IJSRuntime JSInterop;
    <Grid DataSource="@dataSource"></Grid>
      private void OnReady(Grid grid)
  5. Now, navigate to Pages/_Host.cshtml(Blazor Server) or wwwroot/index.html(Blazor WebAssembly).
    Create a <script></script> tag and paste the code below, which will create the "setDynamicTemplate" function.
    This function will add event listeners to the +/- buttons and update the Grid's data source:
    (function (global) {
        global.setDynamicTemplate = function (columnName, cities) {
           let grid = document.querySelector("smart-grid");
           let quantityColumn = grid.getColumn('Quantity');
            quantityColumn.template = function (formatObject) {
                if (!formatObject.template) {
                    const data = document.createElement('span');
                    const plus = document.createElement('smart-button');
                    const minus = document.createElement('smart-button');
                    plus.innerHTML = '+';
                    minus.innerHTML = '-';
                    data.innerHTML = formatObject.value;
                    plus.row = formatObject.row;
                    minus.row = formatObject.row;
                    plus.addEventListener('click', () => {
                        const row = plus.row;
                        row.getCell('Quantity').value += 5;
                    minus.addEventListener('click', () => {
                        const row = minus.row;
                        row.getCell('Quantity').value -= 5;
                    const template = document.createElement('div');
           = 'right'
                    formatObject.template = template;
                else {
                    formatObject.template.firstChild.innerHTML = formatObject.value;
                    const buttons = formatObject.template.querySelectorAll('smart-button');
                    buttons[0].row = formatObject.row;
                    buttons[1].row = formatObject.row;
  6. Now we can see that the Dynamic Template is complete and we can now change the quantity of the products by clicking on the buttons: Dynamic Template